Sneak peek: A flipped grammar lesson for Spanish class about the past perfect tense. Use this video with your students in class or have them watch it as homework!

To use this grammar lesson with your class, download the free guided notes sheet above. Students should use this sheet to take notes while they watch the video. Flipped grammar videos allow students the opportunity to re-watch the lesson if they don’t understand it the first time.

When do you Use the Past Perfect Tense?

How is the Past Perfect Tense formed?

The past perfect tense is formed using an auxiliary verb and a past participle.

How do You Conjugate the Auxiliary Verb for the Past Perfect Tense?

The auxiliary verb is haber, meaning to have.

The chart above corresponds with the subject pronoun chart. This is used frequently when learning to conjugate in Spanish.

How do you Form Past Participles?

Remove the AR, ER, or IR ending of the verb and add the new ending. See the image below.

Similar to the Present Perfect Tense

The past perfect tense has a lot in common with the present perfect tense. For one, they both share the same irregulars. Be sure to check out that lesson if you haven’t already.

Beware of Irregulars!

Past participles with an accent:

caer (to fall)- caído
creer (to believe) – creído
leer (to read)- leído
oír (to hear) – oído
reír (to laugh)- reído
traer (to bring)- traído

Irregular past participles:

abrir (to open)- abierto
cubrir (to cover)- cubierto
decir (to say)- dicho
escribir (to write)- escrito
freír (to fry)- frito
hacer (to do/to make)- hecho
morir (to die)- muerto
poner (to put)- puesto
resolver (to resolve)- resuelto
romper (to break)- roto
ver (to see)- visto
volver (to return)- vuelto

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