Sneak peek: A flipped grammar lesson for Spanish class about the present perfect tense. By using flipped grammar videos, students can get access to the lesson even if they are absent, or watch again if they don’t understand!
To use this grammar lesson with your class, download the free guided notes sheet above. Students can watch the video and complete the notes in class or at home!
How is the present perfect tense formed?
The present perfect tense is formed using an auxiliary verb (helping verb) and a past participle.
When do we use the present perfect tense?
The present perfect tense is what you use say, “I have eaten.” You also use this tense to ask a question like, “Have you seen him?”
Step one: conjugate the verb haber.
Haber is the auxiliary verb you will use in this tense. Some form of haber will be used every time you use this tense.
Just a helpful reminder- the chart above correlates with our subject pronoun chart (below). We know that hemos means we have because of its placement in the chart. We know it is used with Nosotros because of its spot on the chart.
Step two: form the past participle of the verb you want to use.
To form the past participle, remove the AR, ER, or IR ending. For AR verbs, add the new ending of ado. For ER or IR verbs add the new ending of ido.
Beware of Irregulars!
Past participles with an accent:
caer (to fall)- caído
creer (to believe) – creído
leer (to read)- leído
oír (to hear) – oído
reír (to laugh)- reído
traer (to bring)- traído
Irregular past participles:
abrir (to open)- abierto
cubrir (to cover)- cubierto
decir (to say)- dicho
escribir (to write)- escrito
freír (to fry)- frito
hacer (to do/to make)- hecho
morir (to die)- muerto
poner (to put)- puesto
resolver (to resolve)- resuelto
romper (to break)- roto
ver (to see)- visto
volver (to return)- vuelto